The historic visit to Jerusalem by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in 1977 eventually led to negotiations between US. President Jimmy Carter, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin at the US Presidential retreat at Camp David in Maryland. Twelve days of intense negotiation resulted in an agreement for peace between Egypt and Israel.
The agreement reached consisted of two parts. The first proposed negotiations by Jordan and a future Palestinian representative body for the eventual establishment of an independent Palestinian state. The second was the operative agreement for a full peace treaty between Israel and Egypt.
THE FRAMEWORK FOR PEACE IN THE MIDDLE EAST
Muhammad Anwar al-Sadat, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, and Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, met with Jimmy Carter, President of the United States of America, at Camp David from September 5 to September 17, 1978, and have agreed on the following framework for peace in the Middle East. They invite other parties to the Arab-Israel conflict to adhere to it.
A. West Bank and Gaza
Egypt, Israel, Jordan and the representatives of the Palestinian people should participate in negotiations on the resolution of the Palestinian problem in all its aspects…
Egypt, Israel, and Jordan will agree on the modalities for establishing an elected self-governing authority in the West Bank and Gaza…