Site Map


Israel & Judaism Studies - The Education Website of the NSW Jewish Board of Deputies

NSW Jewish Board of Deputies Affiliated Site


Search Go

 

You got here from Homebreadcrumbs separatorIsrael After 1948breadcrumbs separatorChronology after 1948

Print Friendly


CHRONOLOGICAL OUTLINE FROM 1947 - 1996

1947 
Conflict begins immediately after the UN Partition Resolution of 29 November 1947 and develops into full-scale war by January 1948 when the Arab Liberation Army enters British Palestine from Lebanon.

The Partition Resolution is rejected by the Arab states, and the proposed Palestinian state and the international regime in Jerusalem are not established.


1948

Britain relinquishes its Mandate in Palestine on 14 May 1948, and Israel declares its independence. 

Israel is invaded by the armies of Egypt, Trans-Jordan, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia and irregular forces from Lebanon and Sudan.

1949
UN arranges ceasefire. Rhodes Armistice agreements set ceasefire lines.

Many Arabs leave Israel between 1947 and 1949 and become refugees. Jewish survivors arrive from Europe, and Jewish refugees come from Arab countries.

1956
Suez Canal, owned by France and UK, is nationalised by Egypt.

Egyptian-sponsored “commando” attacks on Israel from Gaza are intensified and the Canal and the Gulf of Aqaba are blocked to Israel-bound shipping.

Israel joins France and UK in a military campaign against Egypt and Israeli forces take the Sinai desert.

1957
Israel withdraws from Sinai on basis of international guarantees of freedom of navigation and presence of a UN peacekeeping force in Sinai.

1964
Palestine Liberation Organisation is formed by the Arab League "to attain the objective of liquidating Israel."

1967 
Egypt orders UN force out of Sinai and closes Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping, in breach of the 1957 guarantees.

Egypt, Jordan and Syria threaten invasion and mass armies on Israel’s borders.      
Egyptian President Nasser announces to the Egyptian Parliament:

"The problem before the Arab countries is not whether the port of Eilat should be blockaded or how to blockade it, but how totally to exterminate the State of Israel for all time”.

The Six-day war ends with Sinai, Gaza, West Bank and Golan in Israel’s possession. Israel annexes East Jerusalem, including the Old City.

Khartoum Conference of the Arab League rejects negotiation with or recognition of Israel.

UN resolution 242 proposes framework for peace negotiation.

1968
Fatah joins PLO and Arafat becomes PLO Chairman. International terrorism campaign begins. 

1970
PLO expelled from Jordan by the Jordanian army. (“Black September”.) The PLO moves to Southern Lebanon.

1973
Yom Kippur War ends in stalemate after surprise invasion by Egypt and Syria.

1977
Egypt’s President Sadat addresses Israeli Parliament in Jerusalem and proposes peace.

1979
Camp David peace Accords with Egypt are negotiated, with mediation by US President Jimmy Carter.

1981
Sadat assassinated by the Muslim Brotherhood.

1982
Peace Treaty with Egypt implemented and Israel withdraws from Sinai.

Israel attacks PLO in Lebanon. PLO withdraws from Beirut and establishes headquarters in Tunisia.

1985
Israel withdraws from Lebanon but maintains forces in 15 kilometre security zone.

1987
“Intifada” begins with stone-throwing by children in Gaza and West Bank.

Sheikh Yassin founds Hamas, as the Palestinian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood.

1988
Arafat “recognises” Israel at a press conference in Algiers.

1990
Jews allowed to leave Soviet Union. One million arrive in Israel in next six years.
     
Jews of Ethiopia airlifted to Israel.

Iraq invades Kuwait. Defeated in First Gulf War of 1991.

1991
Madrid Peace Conference. First direct negotiation between Israel and the Palestinians, and with Arab states other than Egypt.

1993
Oslo Accords, negotiated secretly in Norway, and signed in Washington, establish the Palestinian Interim Self-Governing Authority and set framework for peace.

1995
Rabin assassinated. Shimon Peres caretaker PM.

1996
Invasion of South Lebanon following Hezbollah bombardments.

Suicide bombing attacks escalate.

Netanyahu elected. Introduces policy of "reciprocity", ie. territorial withdrawals in return for security co-operation.



back to top 

 
 

 IJS Israel & Judaism Studies | Login | Sitemap

Web Content Management and Intranet solutions by Elcom